Hey What is Surveying All About ?
SURVEYING :- Surveying is the art of determining the relative positions of different objects on the surface of the earth by measuring the horizontal distance between them, and by preparing a map to any suitable scale , in this discipline , the measurements are taken only in the horizontal plane..
Classification of surveying..
Primary classification-- 1. Plane Surveying . 2. Geodetic Surveying .
Secondary classification-- 1 . Based on instruments.... (a) Chain Surveying . (b) Compass Surveying . (c) Plane table Surveying . (d) theodolite Surveying . (e) Tacheometric Surveying . (f) Photographic Surveying .
2. Based on methods....(a) Triangulation Surveying . (b) Traverse Surveying .
3. Based on object....(a) Geological Surveying . (b) Mine Surveying . ( c) Archaeological Surveying . (d) Military Surveying .
4.Based on nature on field ....(a) Land Surveying . (b) Marine Surveying . (c) Astronomical Surveying .
Principle... > To work from the whole to the part. > To locate a new station by at least two measurements ( linear or angular ) from fixed reference points.